All You Need To Know About Plastic Surgery

  • By Like Hire
  • 12 May, 2021

Introduction to Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Plastic and Reconstructive surgery, also known as Cosmetic Surgery is a unique form of surgery. It is carried out to restore, reconstruct and alter any facial or body deformity induced by congenital disabilities, ageing, injury, infection, tumours or any other disease. This surgery aims to improve or restore the appearance and functionality of our body. This surgery also boosts our self-esteem as we feel much more confident in our own skin after the surgery. 

Generally, two types of people make the potential candidates for this surgery, including:

  • People with deformities from birth, including hand or craniofacial anomalies or cleft lip.
  • People with induced deformations due to ageing, infection, disease or accident.

There are various risks associated with plastic and reconstructive surgery. The intensity of these risks varies among people, depending on their recovering strength and overall health. The list of complications and risks includes:

  • Infection
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Bruising
  • Difficulty in the healing of a wound
  • Surgery and anaesthesia problems.

Roles of a Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon

A plastic surgeon is a licensed medical doctor experienced in performing reconstructive, corrective and cosmetic surgeries. The plastic surgeon also molds and shapes some of our body parts, including the ear, face, hands and trunk along with curing some of the congenital problems. 

Plastic surgeons generally work on all the body parts and with all kinds of diseases. They don't own up to any body part or diseases like the heart surgeons or cancer specialists. Along with performing facelifts, they also do perform several other procedures such as reattaching severed fingers, treating the bones of the face and skull. The primary skill required for being a plastic surgeon includes creativity and ability to observe the aesthetics.

The five central areas of work in plastic surgery include:

  • Trauma and burns.
  • Cancer.
  • Congenital deformities.
  • Degenerative tissue conditions.
  • Restoration and improvement of appearance.

Responsibilities of a Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon

The duties of plastic and reconstructive surgeon include:

  • Examining the patient accurately to determine any deformity and the necessity of surgery.
  • Apply the most suitable cosmetic, reconstructive and corrective medical treatment apt for the deformation.
  • They also check with the anaesthesiologists regarding the best anaesthesia for patients.
  • They also carry out surgeries on patients who want to enhance the beauty of their particular body parts.
  • They also perform several non-invasive treatments.
  • One of the significant responsibilities of the surgeon is to ensure the safety of their patients during the surgery, so sterilization of all the surgical equipments must be carried out accurately.
  • They also check with the patients about their condition after the surgery and provide any medical attention if needed.
  • Before performing the surgery, they estimate and explain all the risks and complications associated with the surgery to the patients.
  • They also carry out several psychological tests to assess the psychological health of the patients.
  • They must ensure the confidentiality of all the information of patients.

Additional Skills required by a Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon

  • Along with performing surgeries, they are also trained in interaction with the patients, trauma care and other unique surgical treatments, including laser surgery, body contouring and tissue transfer.
  • These surgeons also possess some special skills, such as designing a skin graft or creating a flap graft.
  • They are also adequately experienced in transferring tissues from one place to another and managing complex wounds.

Current required educations for a career in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Plastic and Reconstructive surgeons tend to improve the appearance of an individual. So to acquire the skills to carry out plastic and reconstructive surgeries, more than ten years of education and training is required. The educational path of a Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon includes:

  • They must begin their career by earning a bachelor's degree, majoring in science or pre-medical subjects.
  • Then, they must clear the MCAT exam in order to get admission to a medical school. Followed by graduating from a medical school which requires four years.
  • Then, they must complete the surgical residency program of five to six years and obtain the residency.
  • Then they need to progress with a fellowship program and finally apply for a plastic surgeon position.

Careers path for a Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon

Plastic and Reconstructive surgery is much more than tummy tucks and facelifts. There are a number of jobs associated with this field, both in non-clinical and clinical settings. The list of career options includes:

  • Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons
  • Nurses: These nurses accompany the plastic surgeons during the surgeries.
  • Medical Assistants: They work with the surgeons and are unlicensed. They carry forward all the administrative and clinical tasks.
  • Medical Secretary: These are the administrative assistants.

Employment Sector

Pay Scale as per the Experience: The average salary for a reconstructive and plastic surgeon in the U.S is around $397,393. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2019 to 2029 would notice a steady decline of 2 per cent in the job growth of all the surgeons.

Top Companies to work with: The top places to work with in the USA as a Plastic Surgeon includes Higher Visibility, NKP Medical, Growth Med and Patient Pop.

Other Employment Opportunities for a Plastic Surgeon: Plastic Surgeon can also work as a Cosmetic Dentist, Dental Assistants or Front desk and billing specialist

Pros & Cons of the Profession

This career is all linked to reworking on some of the features that dissatisfy the patient. Similar to all other professions, becoming a plastic surgeon also comes with both pros and cons. The pros and cons associated with this career are:


  • This is a gratifying career, as plastic surgeons tend to change an individual's entire life.
  • The job is not monotonous, as the surgery is not fixed to any age group, particular body part or disease.
  • It is a very advanced and fast-moving career, which tends to increase the demand.
  • A range of sub-specialities are available, you can pick any one of them.
  • Provides excellent opportunities related to income and travel.
  • The overall job satisfaction of this career is very high.


  • Several years of education and expertise are required.
  • This is a very competitive career, you need to update your skills and knowledge every day.
  • The funding provided for higher education is very limited, so you will have to take care of all the expenses.
  • Burnouts are common in this career because of very long working hours.
  • The risk of being sued for malpractice is much higher compared to any other medical profession.


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