All You Need To Know About Paediatrics

  • By Like Hire
  • 25 Mar, 2021

 Introduction to Paediatrics

As a sub-discipline of Medicine, Pediatrics is primarily concerned with the healthcare and medical well-being of infants, children, and adolescents. Essentially, Pediatrics focuses on individuals under the age of 18. The goal of Pediatrics practitioners or Paediatricians, as they are called, is to manage the physical, mental, and emotional health of the children that are under their care or brought to their attention.

Pediatricians provide medical care and attention to children who are suffering from chronic diseases or are acutely ill. Pediatricians also work proactively to encourage a healthy lifestyle among children so that they can live long and healthy lives. This comes under the preventative health services of the pediatricians.

Roles of a Paediatrician

There are a number of different roles that a Pediatrician plays. First and foremost, a Pediatrician is the one that diagnoses and administers treatments in order to cure illnesses, injuries, or other medical disorders. Pediatricians also provide care to alleviate and ease the pain of children who suffer from chronic diseases or disorders.

Apart from providing general medical care to any infant, child, or adolescent brought to their attention, Pediatricians supervise the growth and development of children and keep track of their progress as part of their preventative healthcare services. This also includes administering immunizations to infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatricians also inform and educate parents about what the expected growth and development of a child should be. Apart from carrying out monitoring and developmental surveillance, Pediatricians also recommend children for comprehensive assessments, if they see the need for it.

Responsibilities of Pediatrician

 Irrespective of whether the child being brought to a pediatrician’s attention is sick or healthy, it is the responsibility of the Pediatrician to provide medical care or preventative health care to the child. Below are the primal responsibilities that are fulfilled by a Pediatrician:

  • Pediatriciansassess the health condition and diagnose the illness/disease/medical disorder or injury of the patient, and then proceed to administer treatment for the same by prescribing medications, vaccinations, therapies, and other forms of specific healthcare.
  • Pediatricians prescribe/perform diagnostic tests and then proceed to draw conclusions/diagnoses from the results. They are also tasked with the responsibility of discussing the test results with the patients’ parents/guardians.
  • Pediatricians accumulate information about the health condition of their patients creating a comprehensive history of their treatment.
  • Pediatricians are also tasked with the responsibility of explaining to the parents of the child the procedures/treatments/surgeries are being administered on the child.
  • Pediatricians work with other medical staff, and therefore, they also have to coordinate with the other members of the medical staff including nurses, medical students, assistants, specialists, therapists, etc.
  • Pediatricians not only are required to keep up with the current developments taking place in their domain, but are also in charge of educating parents and guardians of their patients about diets, physical activities, hygiene, and other ways of preventing diseases.

Additional Skills needed in a Pediatrician

  • It is very important for a Pediatrician to be a good listener. Without being a proactive listener, a Pediatrician cannot properly comprehend what their patients are telling them about their physical condition. Proper diagnosis goes hand in hand with proper listening.
  • The ability to be personable with kids is also a trait that a pediatrician can really use. If a pediatrician is able to make kids feel comfortable, then the kids are likely to co-operate and it can make it very easy to administer treatment.
  • A Pediatrician can also use some communication skills. If a Pediatrician can clearly communicate with parents/guardians and explain to them about the health condition of their child/ward it would help them better understand what the treatment requires them to do and what are precautions that they should be taking.

Current Required Education for Career

To become a Pediatrician in the USA, one must complete their Graduation from a certified Medical School. After this, they can continue their studies to become a specialist in the field. A student will have to finish their 4 years in College and 4 years in Medical School. Only after this, they will become eligible for pursuing a 3-year Medical Residency program in accredited hospitals. 

The residents are exposed to the true working environment of a medical facility. This experience aims at improving their command over their particular profession. In the US, you will also have to get certification from the American Board of Pediatrics to become an authorized Pediatrician. For this, the aspirant will have to clear a written examination on Pediatrics. You will have to reappear for the exam every 7 years to keep your certification from getting expired. 

Career Path for Pediatricians

According to the American Board of Pediatrics, there are 13 Pediatric specializations that the aspirants can opt for. The board will issue the certifications only for these fields. Some of these specializations are: 

  • Pediatric Hospice and Palliative Medicine
  • Pediatric Cardiology
  • Pediatric Pulmonology
  • Pediatric Surgery
  • Pediatric Infectious Diseases
  • Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine and Critical Care

Employment Sector

- Pay Scale as per the Experience

Based on the statistics of 2021, Pediatricians have an average annual income of $183,061. The highest paid regions in the nation are the metropolitan cities like Jackson, Chico, Rockford, and more. 

- Top companies to work with

  • Cook Children's Health Care System
  • Cross Country Locums
  • KPG Healthcare
  • Fidelis Partners
  • LifePoint Health

- Other Employment Opportunities

If you are pursuing Pediatrics Job Openings, then you can choose to gain specialization in the following fields as well: 

  • Neonatal medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Cardiology
  • Oncology
  • Critical care
  • Hematology
  • Nephrology
  • Gastroenterology

While it is not the complete list, there are various other sub-specialties. A Pediatrician can study further in these based on their preference. 

Pro & Cons of the Profession


  • Helping Children: Many students prefer opting for this to help young kids.
  • Influential for Youth: Certain Pediatric specializations also allow the practitioner to consult on healthier habits and diet
  • Motivational Figure: Pediatricians have to be entertaining and friendly to keep the children engaged through the treatment.
  • Payscale: The average payroll of an expert Pediatrician is definitely a perk under all circumstances.


  • Witness Young Kids Suffer: No one really likes to see kids in pain. However, it is a major part of a Pediatrician’s job.
  • Adept at Communicating: You will have to be clear and intriguing while talking to the kids.
  • Facing Guardians/ Parents: Under worst circumstances, you also become answerable to the parents on behalf of your medical institution
  • Educational & Financial Requirement: Getting a Pediatrician certification takes a lot of time, effort, and money.
  • Student Loan Debts: Most Pediatricians have to pay off their student loans, which is generally a hefty amount.


Being a Pediatrician is a huge responsibility for the practitioner. While the journey of becoming one is long, the results are very satisfactory. By following the right paths and taking a befitting approach, you can make this easy for you. LikeHire is an online platform for all healthcare workers to find the best job opportunities for themselves. Bridging the gap between recruiters and candidates, the website functions to deliver the optimal support.

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