1. Introduction to Oncology:
Oncology is a discipline of medicine that is concerned with specialization in the domain of cancer diagnosis and treatment. The scope of oncology encompasses the following:
1. Medical oncology: This involves the treatment of cancer with the use of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and other medicines.
2. Radiation Oncology: This domain of oncology includes cancer treatment with the help of radiation therapy.
3. Surgical Oncology: This area of oncology is concerned with the treatment of cancer with the help of surgical procedures.
An oncologist is a physician who has obtained specialization and is highly trained to conduct investigations, diagnosis, and then provides treatment to patients who are suffering from or suspected of having cancer. Oncologists are trained to treat a variety of cancers that may originate in different parts of the body.
2. Roles of an Oncologist
The roles of oncologists revolve around the comprehensive treatment of cancer. Beginning with the diagnosis, oncologists undertakes all of the below-mentioned roles:
Apart from being directly involved in the care and treatment of cancer patients, oncologists also undertake certain other responsibilities. Below are some of the prominent responsibilities of an oncologist:
They are also tasked with administrative and clerical responsibilities including maintaining records of test results, prescribing treatment in writing, and communicating with patients. Oncologists inform and educate their patients about cancer and monitor the treatment, as well.
4. Additional Skills required by Oncologists
Apart from the educational qualification, training, experience, and professional expertise, there are a few other traits that a prospective oncologist should work on developing. Below are some of those skills and qualities:
5. Current Required Education for a career in Oncology
The educational path of a career in Oncology is as follows:
6. Careers path for an Oncologist
There are many specialties in which an oncologist can potentially build a career in. These includes:
Gynecology oncologists are certified by the Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology. The American Board of Radiology provides certification to radiology oncologists.
7. Employment Sector
- Pay Scale as per the Experience
According to a March 2021 report, on average an oncologist is earning a median annual income of $281,322 in the US. Doctors from all domains of medicine will witness 4% job growth between 2019 to 2029, according to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics.
- Top healthcare institutions to work with
1. University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center (Houston)
2. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (New York City)
3. Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minn.)
4. Johns Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore)
5. Cleveland Clinic
- Other Employment Opportunities
For Oncologists, there are other career opportunities as well. Apart from treating patients, oncologists may research cancer treatments and organize clinical trials. Working in the capacity of a Hematologist-oncologist, they can also diagnose and treat cancers related to blood, bone marrow, vascular and hemostatic disorders.
8. Pro & Cons of the Profession
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