Introduction to Anesthesiology
The term Anesthesia is derived from a Greek word with 'an' meaning without and 'esthetics' meaning sensation. Thus the meaning of anesthesia comes out to be 'without sensation'.
Anesthesiology is a branch of medicine that includes the complete care of a patient before, during and after the surgery. It can be defined as the usage of drugs in order to induce a total or partial lack of consciousness. This state is basically induced so that the patients don't feel any pain, distress or inconvenience during the surgery, and it can be carried out smoothly.
Anesthesia is induced by administering the patient with a drug known as 'anesthetics’. These drugs are a mechanism to reduce or prevent the pain during surgery. Anesthetics also support the vital functions of patients during the whole course of surgery. Anesthetics are administered during any surgery using spinal, caudal, intravenous or local procedures. The four primary types of anesthetics used in the health care industry:
Local Anesthesia: This anesthetic numbs only one particular area in which the surgery is carried out while keeping your consciousness intact.
Conscious or intravenous sedation: This anesthesia procedure utilizes a mild sedative to relax you and a pain medicine to relieve the pain. You will be conscious during such surgeries but generally don't remember anything.
Regional anesthesia: This anesthesia blocks the pain stimulators of a particular area in the body, such as arms or legs. Epidural anesthesia, generally used during childbirth, is a form of regional anesthesia.
General anesthesia: It induces a lack of consciousness to the entire body and makes you fall asleep. You don't tend to remember anything during these surgeries.
Roles of an Anesthesiologist
Anesthesiologists are pre-hospital medical practitioners who play a significant role in attenuating the pain and ensuring safety during various surgical interventions. Anesthesia involves multiple risks and also optimizes the patient's clinical conditions. It maintains the vital functions of the patient during the course of surgery.
Responsibilities of an Anesthesiologist
Below mentioned are the main responsibilities of an Anesthesiologist inside and outside the operation theatre:
Inside the Operation Theatre:
Outside the Operation Theatre:
Additional Skills required by an Anesthesiologist
Anesthesiologists are generally skilled in various other disciplines and techniques other than anesthetics in order to provide proper pain management and resuscitation to the patients. These skills include:
Current Required Educations for a career in anesthesiology
The current highly safe and practical field of anesthesiology has evolved from 19th-century anesthesiology, where non-specialist practitioners used novel, untested techniques, and drugs. In order to become an anesthesiologist, several years of education and training is required. The educational path of an Anesthesiologist includes:
Careers path for an Anesthesiologist
There are various career opportunities for an anesthesiologist because of their advanced skills and expertise:
Pay Scale as per the Experience: The average salary of an Anesthesiologist as per the latest report of 2021 is estimated to be $396,600. But the typical salary generally ranges from $343,600 to $449,600. Salary of an anesthesiologist generally varies in accordance with their skills, education and years of experience.
Top companies to work with: Top places for an Anesthesiologist to work with include Springfield Anesthesia Service, Northside Hospital, Anesthesia Billing Bridge, Mayo Clinic and Abeo.
Other Employment Opportunity for an Anesthesiologist: The unique educational background of an anesthesiologist allows them to develop a career in teaching and training both in advanced cardiac life support techniques and basic life support techniques. They can also start a career in the military or research field.
Pros & Cons of the Profession
Anesthesiology can be a great career option as it constitutes various pros, but there are few cons along with pros. Some of the pros and cons include:
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