All You Need To Know About Neurology

  • By Like Hire
  • 1 Mar, 2021

We want to discuss the various professions in neurology, areas of concern, the degree required, and naming some of the best institutes for pursuing the career. 

Introduction to Neurology

The nervous system controls the transmission of the signals that convey all the information to the brain. It comprises two parts: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. It is indispensable to the functioning of the body, and any damage or malfunction in the nervous system will have a devastating impact on the person's life. A neurologist is a medical health professional who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases of the nervous system. 
Neurologists are experts in finding treatment solutions for neurological disorders and diseases. The nervous system is very sensitive, and intervention is challenging and has to be performed with the highest degree of skill and safety. There are a lot of unanswered questions in this domain. However, neurologists play a crucial role in contributing to the knowledge around nervous systems and bring us closer to finding solutions every day.  
People visit neurologists for several reasons. These include neuropathic pain, migraines, brain or spinal cord injury, seizures, and severe memory loss. Patients who have had a stroke and show symptoms of multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease also seek help from neurologists. Since these complications are complex and severe, the neurologist is responsible for creating treatment plans and educating patients and their families about the condition.  

Roles and Responsibilities of a Psychiatry :

The following are the roles and responsibilities of a neurologist:
Order diagnostic tests such as spinal fluid tests, blood tests, imaging tests like MRIs, etc.
Diagnose conditions based on medical examinations and tests
Perform physical and neurological examination of people diagnosed with neurological disorders
Create treatment plans and adapt the plans based on the progress of patients
Coordinate with nurses and staff to ensure the patient receives the best possible treatment
Stay updated about research and trend in the domain of neurology
Communicate treatment and instructions to patients for home care 

Additional Skills with Neurologists:

Apart from training at medical school, psychiatrists must cultivate the following skills for a successful practice:
Strong Communication Skills
Neurologists must communicate effectively with all stakeholders to ensure that the patient receives the best possible care.  A neurologist must also possess strong interpersonal skills and the ability to empathize with the patient.
Confidence and Leadership
The risk involved in neurology is high, and neurologists must lead the team properly to ensure a smooth treatment process. This requires a lot of confidence and control.
Strong critical thinking and problem-solving skills
Neurologists need to analyze the situation critically and identify the safest and most effective solution for a disorder.
Must be calm under pressure
Considering the sensitive nature of the treatment, neurologists must demonstrate stamina and calmness at all times. 

Current Required Educations for career

The educational pathway of becoming a neurologist has three steps:  

1. College

The first step to becoming a neurologist is gaining a bachelor's degree. It is advisable to choose a degree that focuses on biology, chemistry, or any other physical science. Identify the medical school you want to apply to and select a subject that fulfills the institution's requirements. Pursuing a volunteering experience at a hospital will also benefit your application.

2. Medical School 

You can choose to attend an allopathic or an osteopathic school. At an allopathic school, you will get an MD (Doctor of Medicine) certification. If you select an osteopathic medical school, you will get a DO (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine). In osteopathy, the body is treated as an integrated entity, and treatment plans include medication and lifestyle interventions.

3. Residency

Post medical school, neurologists need to undergo a one-year residency in general medicine and at least three years in neurology. If you are looking to be a child neurologist, you need to pursue a two-year residency in pediatrics instead of a one-year internship in general medicine. For the Neurology jobs in Texas, Adult neurology training programs can be done through four years of training or three years of training and one internship year. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) set the guidelines of the training program. 
After a medical practitioner passes the final written examination administered by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN), they will be granted a board certification. After this, certification can be obtained in subspecialties from the ABPN or the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS). 

4. Fellowship

Many neurologists choose to invest one or two years in additional training in subspecialties. The ACGME or the UCNS decides fellowship and subspecialty training requirements.

Career path for Neurologists:

The subspecialties within neurology are as follows: 
Neuromuscular Medicine
Headache Medicine
Child Neurology
Neurocritical Care
Geriatric Neurology
Vascular (Stroke Care)
Autonomic Disorders
Interventional Neuroradiology 

Employment Sector :


- Pay Scale 

As per the Bureau of Labour Statistics, the average salary earned by a neurologist is $203,450. The pay differs across settings: 
General Hospitals and Medical Centres: $180,000
Outpatient Care Centres: $230,000
Physicians' offices: $237500
Neurologists working outside clinical settings earn higher than their practicing counterparts: 
Medical and Diagnostic Laboratories: $255,000
Pharmaceutical companies: $250,000 

- Top companies to work with :

The following are the top psychiatric organizations and hospitals in the USA: 
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital 
Mayo Clinic
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
UCSF Medical Centre  

- Other Employment Opportunities 

Apart from working with private hospitals, dermatologists can find employment in the following set-ups: 
Government Hospitals
Private Clinics
Specialist Hospitals
Setting up a private practice
Diagnostic Laboratories
Pharmaceutical Companies
Teaching and Training

Pro & Cons of the Profession:

Being a neurologist has its pros and cons. The duration of education and training is quite long. The cost of education is also very high, and often students need to take loans to complete the course. The work can also be very stressful and would entail long and unpredictable working hours, including overtime.
However, the profession is also quite rewarding as the pay is relatively high. The job is also challenging and engaging. Neurologists are well respected across medical and non-medical domains for the specialization and skill they possess.  

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